Natural Gas Annual Trade Summary – 2020

Table 1: Summary of Trade

Table 1: Summary of Trade
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Volumes (Billion m³)
Pipeline Exports 84.2 85.1 79.6 76.6 70.9
Pipeline Imports 21.9 25.0 22.6 25.6 22.7
Net Pipeline ExportsTable Note a 62.38 60.1 57.0 51.1 48.2
Volumes (Bcf/d)
Pipeline Exports 8.1 8.2 7.7 7.4 6.8
Pipeline Imports 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.2
Net Pipeline ExportsTable Note a 6.0 5.8 5.5 4.9 4.7
Value (Billion $)
Pipeline Exports 8.8 10.3 9.6 9.1 6.9
Pipeline Imports 2.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 2.2
Net Pipeline Exports 6.1 6.7 6.1 5.8 4.7

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 February 2021.

The summary data are provided in EXCEL format (.XLSX) and updated annually. Import and export data are filed with the Canada Energy Regulator 30 days after the end of each month. For the latest export and import data, including updates and revisions, please visit Commodity Statistics.

Figure Data [EXCEL 90 KB] – Updated 17 February 2021

Contact cts-ssp@cer-rec.gc.ca for further information.

Figure 1: Natural Gas Trade Volumes

This figure shows natural gas volumes traded by pipeline. Export and import volumes are shown as bars, while the lines show net export volumes (exports minus imports). In 2020, exports decreased by 7%, and imports decreased by 11%.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics 17 February 2021: Gas – Monthly Summary for Year

Figure Description: This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

Natural gas pipeline export volumes were: 84.2 billion cubic metres in 2016, ranging from 6.4 to 7.9 billion cubic metres monthly. 85.1 billion cubic metres in 2017, ranging from 6.3 to 8.0 billion cubic metres monthly. 79.6 billion cubic metres in 2018, ranging from 5.7 to 8.0 billion cubic metres monthly. 76.6 billion cubic metres in 2019, ranging from 5.8 to 8.0 billion cubic metres monthly. 70.9 billion cubic metres in 2020, ranging from 5.0 to 7.4 billion cubic metres monthly.

Natural gas pipeline import volumes were: 21.9 billion cubic metres in 2016, ranging from 1.2 to 2.7 billion cubic metres monthly. 25.0 billion cubic metres in 2017, ranging from 1.6 to 2.7 billion cubic metres monthly. 22.6 billion cubic metres in 2018, ranging from 1.1 to 2.7 billion cubic metres monthly. 25.6 billion cubic metres in 2019, ranging from 1.6 to 2.9 billion cubic metres monthly. 22.7 billion cubic metres in 2020, ranging from 1.5 to 2.5 billion cubic metres monthly.

Figure 2: Export Volumes to U.S. by Region

The CER collects natural gas trade movements at points of entry and exit at the Canadian border based on data provided by exporters and importers. For example, after natural gas crosses the border into the U.S., it may be combined with U.S. natural gas and its final destination cannot be tracked.

This map shows the border crossings where Canadian natural gas is exported, grouped by the U.S. regions where the gas would generally flow. The bars show export volumes. Almost all of Canada’s natural gas exports go to the U.S. The majority of exported natural gas is by pipeline is from the western provinces. Exports to U.S. East are either sourced from the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin or from the storage hub in Dawn, Ontario (which has gas from several regions, including imports from the U.S. Appalachian Basin, U.S. Mid-continent, and western Canada).

Although imports are not shown in this regional figure, the majority of natural gas imports flow by pipeline across the border into Ontario. Recently, net imports have increased at the areas bordering the U.S. East because pipeline reversals have allowed growing Appalachian gas production to flow into Ontario.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 February 2021: Gas – Historical Summary by Region; Monthly Summary by Port – Volumes

Figure Description:

This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

Map description

The U.S. West region includes two ports located near the international border between British Columbia, and Washington and Idaho in the U.S. These ports are Huntingdon and Kingsgate in British Columbia.

The U.S. Midwest region includes several ports located near the international border between Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario; and Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, and Michigan in the U.S. The U.S. Midwest ports shown are Cardston, Coutts, and Aden located in Alberta; Monchy, North Portal, and Elmore located in Saskatchewan; Emerson and Sprague, Manitoba; and Sarnia, Courtright, and Ojibway (Windsor) located in Ontario.

The U.S. East region includes several ports near the international border between Ontario and Quebec; and New York, Vermont, and Maine in the U.S. The U.S. East ports shown are Niagara Falls, Chippawa, Iroquois, and Cornwall located in Ontario; Napierville and East Hereford located in Quebec; and St Stephen, New Brunswick.

Exports

The following volumes of natural gas were exported from pipeline ports generally supplying the U.S. West:
31.9 billion cubic metres in 2016, 31.4 billion cubic metres in 2017, 32.1 billion cubic metres in 2018, 31.4 billion cubic metres in 2019, and 32.1 billion cubic metres in 2020.

The following volumes of natural gas were exported from pipeline ports generally supplying the U.S. Midwest:
43.4 billion cubic metres in 2016, 46.5 billion cubic metres in 2017, 38.8 billion cubic metres in 2018, 36.7 billion cubic metres in 2019, and 30.3 billion cubic metres in 2020.

The following volumes of natural gas were exported from pipeline ports generally supplying the U.S. East:
8.9 billion cubic metres in 2016, 7.2 billion cubic metres in 2017, 8.7 billion cubic metres in 2018, 8.5 billion cubic metres in 2019, and 8.5 billion cubic metres in 2020.

Figure 3: Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Import Volumes

In 2020, LNG imports were 67% higher than in 2019, but 74% lower than peak LNG imports in 2011. The majority of Canada’s LNG imports come from overseas in marine vessels, with fewer volumes imported from the U.S. by truck. Canada’s only large-scale marine LNG import terminal is in New Brunswick. However, Maritimes gas markets have become better connected by pipelines to growing gas production in North American gas markets, reducing the need for LNG imported from overseas. Although Canada exports LNG, these volumes are very small and not shown in this summary. However, data for LNG exports is also available from the linked source for Figure 3.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 February 2021: LNG – Shipment Details

Figure Description: This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

The graph shows LNG import volumes as their gaseous equivalent:
329 million cubic metres were imported in 2016, with vessel shipments received in January, February, June, and July of that year. 401 million cubic metres were imported in 2017, with vessel shipments received in January, February, April, and September of that year. 598 million cubic metres were imported in 2018, with vessel shipments received in January, February, May, July, and December of that year. 522 million cubic metres were imported in 2019, with vessel shipments received in January, February, March, August, and September of that year. 872 million cubic metres were imported in 2020, with vessel shipments received in January, March, April, July, September, October, and December of that year.

Figure 4: Natural Gas Trade Values

This figure shows the value, in billions of dollars, of natural gas traded by pipeline. Exports and imports are shown as bars, while the lines show net export values (exports minus imports). In 2020, export values decreased by 24%, and import values decreased by 33%. In recent years, the overall net value of natural gas exports has declined mainly due to lower prices and demand for Canadian gas and robust natural gas supply in the U.S.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 February 2021: Gas – Monthly Summary for Year

Figure Description:

This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

Natural gas pipeline export values were: 8.8 billion dollars in 2016, ranging from 0.5 to 1.2 billion dollars monthly. 10.3 billion dollars in 2017, ranging from 0.6 to 1.3 billion dollars monthly. 9.6 billion dollars in 2018, ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 billion dollars monthly. 9.1 billion dollars in 2019, ranging from 0.4 to 1.4 billion dollars monthly. 6.9 billion dollars in 2020, ranging from 0.4 to 0.9 billion dollars monthly.

Natural gas pipeline import values were: 2.7 billion dollars in 2016, ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 billion dollars monthly. 3.6 billion dollars in 2017, ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 billion dollars monthly. 3.5 billion dollars in 2018, ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 billion dollars monthly. 3.4 billion dollars in 2019, ranging from 0.2 to 0.4 billion dollars monthly. 2.2 billion dollars in 2020, ranging from 0.1 to 0.3 billion dollars monthly.

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